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In this lecture, Dr Choodamani Nandagopal speaks about the unique status of the Ramappa Temple and how it attained the UNESCO World Heritage recognition.
Rudreshvara (Ramappa) Temple – is the crest jewel of art and architecture of the Kakatiya dynasty. With a foundational inscription dated 1213 CE it is unique as the lone testimony to the technological excellence and exquisite craftsmanship of the period. The entire temple has been conceived with the design focusing on one form: the Lotus or the Padma. The Chitraputrikas (salabhanjikas) in the form of bracket figures adorning the exterior of the sabhamandapa and the dancing figures adorning the pillars in the interiors are extraordinary. The temple heralds the spiritual merit and glory of the patron Recharla Rudra.
Socio-religious and cultural notions of the times are well captured and presented by the Kakatiya architects. The ritual of Girija Kalyana, the marriage ceremony of Goddess Girija and God Shankara, performed as part of Mahashivaratri celebrations takes place in the centre of Rangabhumika under the canopy of the celestial Girija Kalyana, the sculptural panorama. These elements of intangible cultural heritage handed down to this illuminative space 8 centuries ago, create an extra-sensory experience on every Mahashivaratri. The temple has a proud place in the history and culture of India.
In collaboration with Sandeep and Gitanjali Maini Foundation
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Dr. Choodamani Nandagopal is an art historian and currently a Tagore Fellow at the National Museum, New Delhi. She has a doctorate in history and archaeology from Mysore University, and is a UNESCO Fellow and UK visiting Nehru Fellow at Victoria and Albert Museum. She was awarded UNSW Senior International Fellowship and Visiting Professor Research Fellowship, University of Exeter.
Dr. Nandagopal established the Art History and Research Department at the Chitrakala Parishath, Bangalore University and later served as Academic Head of the IGNCA Southern Regional Centre Bangalore. She also set up the Dept. of Cultural Studies at Manipal University. She retired as the Dean for Humanities & Social Sciences at Jain University after serving for 9 years. Her contribution to the field of research and academia is immense, she guided 20 PhD and 20 MPhil candidates and has about 100 research papers to her credit. She is an advisor with the Sandeep Gitanjali Maini Foundation and Raja Ravi Verma Foundation. She is also associated with Indian Council for Historical Research (ICHR), Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR), UGC, HRD Ministry, India-Sri Lanka Foundation, through research projects and academic activities.
Dr.Nandagopal has authored 20 International publications and 8 Kannada publications. ‘Dance and Music in Temple Architecture’, ‘Arts and Crafts of Indus Civilization’, ‘3 Volumes of Temple Treasures’, ‘Art of Image Making’ ‘Classical Dance Heritage of Karnataka’ and a recent publication ‘Ritual Enactment in Temple Tradition’ published by Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts New Delhi are some of her published works.