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The Arab Spring started in Tunisia in December 2010. It led to the fall of dictators who held power for decades. The first to fall was Ben Ali in Tunisia, followed by Mubarak in Egypt, and Saleh in Yemen in 2012. Algeria’s Bouteflika and Sudan’s Al Bashir fell in 2019. However, in no Arab country, even in Tunisia that showed promise, has democracy been established. Tunisia showed promise for a while and Libya has two governments.
The author takes a close look at the human cost of the Arab Spring, a theme often neglected by scholars who focus on the pecking order among the contestant states. The book examines the wellsprings and trajectories of the Arab Spring, reasons for its failure, the role of the external powers adding fuel to the fire, the sincere and insincere efforts for ending the civil wars, and the efforts of the United Nations, often in vain to arrange for a cease-fire.
The author, Ambassador K P Fabian, will engage in a conversation with Latha Reddy, which will be followed by a Q&A with the audience.
K P Fabian
Ambassador Kalarickal Pranchu Fabian (KPF) served in the Indian Foreign Service from 1964 to 2000. He served in Indian missions in several countries including Madagascar, Austria, Iran, Sri Lanka, and Canada. As First Secretary in the Indian Embassy in Iran from 1976 to 1979, KPF witnessed at close quarters the Iranian Revolution.
KPF’s engagement with multilateral diplomacy includes representing his country at several agencies and organizations including the International Atomic Energy Agency, and United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
KPF is currently a professor at the Indian Society of International Law, New Delhi; and Distinguished Fellow at Symbiosis University, Pune. His published works include Commonsense on War on Iraq, Diplomacy: Indian Style and India in the 21st Century.
A journalist for over thirty years, Neena Gopal began her career in a Bangalore that was the hotbed of post-Emergency politics. Moving to the UAE in the 1980s, she worked for the Dubai-based daily Gulf News where, as foreign editor, she travelled the Middle East during and after Operation Desert Storm, the first Gulf War in 1990, covering war-torn Iraq and its neighbours through the Second Gulf War in 2003. Neena’s news-hunting ground however has been India and its immediate neighbourhood, both as a foreign affairs journalist and as a close observer of the life and times of many leaders in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. She is also the author of the tell all book, The Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.
Latha Reddy is the former Deputy National Security Adviser of India where she was responsible for cybersecurity and other critical internal and external security issues. She also served as a Commissioner on the Global Commission on Internet Governance.
Ms. Reddy served in the Indian Foreign Service from 1975-2011. She was then appointed as India’s Deputy National Security Advisor in the Prime Minister’s Office from 2011-2013. She is involved with several organizations and think-tanks, both globally and in India. She is currently, among other positions, a Distinguished Fellow of the Observer Research Foundation and also serves on the Adjunct Faculty of the Takshashila Institution.