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In India the Police Chiefs of the different States and the Police Commissioners of Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai, report to the Ministers in charge of the Home Department of the States. The power of appointments and transfers rest with the Home Ministry. This misuse of these powers is the genesis of the politicisation of the police forces throughout the land. This politicisation is now embedded in the system.
The ambitions of the senior I.P.S. officers to occupy posts of importance is a major contributory factor to the politicisation. The appointment of subordinate police officers is in the hands of their seniors. When the seniors surrender their authority by complying with requests from politicians corruption increases and even investigation of crime in sensitive cases are based not on facts and law but on the wishes and interests of the politician in power.
Julio Ribeiro will trace the course of this politicisation from Independence to the present day. Instances of harm caused by the politicisation are apparent in the police handling of the Delhi Riots of 1984, the Gujarat riots of 2002 and the recent riots in N.E. Delhi. The police is trained to enforce the law impartially but that rarely happens in some States with powerful Chief Ministers.
The recent case of suicide of Sushant Singh Rajput and the arrest of Arnab Goswami editor –cum-owner of the T.V. channel “Republic’ are prime examples of politicisation which need to be analysed in some depth.
Julio Ribeiro began his career in Mumbai, joining the Indian Police Service in 1953. Rising to be the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai, from 1982 to 1985, he was central to taming the notorious smuggling mafia that had made Mumbai it’s home. He then worked as Director General Central Reserve Police Force, before moving to Ahmedabad as Director General of Police, Gujarat. However, due to the troubles ongoing in Punjab, he was sent there as Director General of Police before becoming Advisor to the Governor of Punjab. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1987 for his services.
Dhanya is a journalist who began her career with India Vision and The New Indian Express. She had joined the English news channel, Times Now before its launch and was the channel’s South India Bureau Chief. In 2014, she co-founded The News Minute, an independent digital news platform and currently, serves as its Editor-in-Chief. With more than 15 years’ experience in print, television and digital journalism, Dhanya has reported from the ground on some of the biggest stories in India in the past decade.