Loading Events
  • This event is over. However, time travel possible through our Audio & Video! See upcoming events


Former High Commissioner to Pakistan & Author
Chairman, National Security Advisory Board
Director, Strategic Studies Programme, Takshashila Institution
Co-Chair, Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace

Date & Time

Wednesday Wed, 16 Nov 2022

Location (for BIC Venue, BIC Hybrid and BIC Cafe)

Bangalore International Centre
7, 4th Main Road, Domlur II Stage
Bangalore, Karnataka 560071 India
View Map


+91 98865 99675 bic@bangaloreinternationalcentre.org

Historically, the relationship between India and Pakistan has been mired in conflicts, war and lack of trust. Because of its implacable hostility and campaign of terror, Pakistan has continued to loom large on India’s horizon in spite of the growing gap between the two countries and has been the subject of an intense debate on how to deal with it. A body of opinion which reposes faith in the shared heritage of the two countries to overcome the problems between them and the view favouring a muscular approach underpinned by India’s military might lie at the extremes. There are options in-between. The relative role of deterrence and dialogue has also received considerable focus in recent years. This debate has been inevitably swayed by the anger in India at Pakistan’s conduct, giving rise to some misperceptions.

‘India’s Pakistan Conundrum’ examines the nature of the Pakistani state and its impact on the India-Pakistan relationship. It also looks at the key issues of the relationship and appraises a range of India’s policy options. It makes an objective assessment of the ground realities, addresses the misperceptions and suggests a way forward. Drawing on the author’s experience of two diplomatic stints in Pakistan, including as the High Commissioner of India, the book offers a unique practitioner’s perspective on this critical relationship.


Sharat Sabharwal

Former High Commissioner to Pakistan & Author

Sharat Sabharwal joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1975. After serving in various positions in the Permanent Mission of India to the UN in Geneva and the Indian Missions in Madagascar, France and Mauritius, he was Director/Joint Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs from 1990 to 1995. The positions held by him subsequently have been Deputy High Commissioner of India in Pakistan (1995-99), Deputy Permanent Representative of India to the UN in Geneva (1999-2002), Ambassador of India to Uzbekistan (2002-2005) and Additional Secretary/Special Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs overseeing Administration, Consular, Passport and Visa matters (2005- 2009), when he, inter alia, supervised initiation of the Passport Seva Project.

He was High Commissioner of India to Pakistan from April 2009 to June 2013. He was appointed Central Information Commissioner in November 2013 and served in this position till September 2017. He was the Deputy leader/member of the Indian delegations to the UN General Assembly, the UN Commission on Human Rights, International Labour
Conference and World Health Assembly. He was also the Deputy Leader of the Indian delegation to the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent held in Geneva in October 1999 and member of the Indian delegation to the World Conference against Racism, held in Durban in September 2001. He is a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Anata Centre, New Delhi. He has been commenting on foreign policy issues, notably concerning Pakistan and Afghanistan, in TV discussions and print media. He is author of the book ‘India’s Pakistan Conundrum – Managing a Complex Relationship’.

P.S. Raghavan

Chairman, National Security Advisory Board

Ambassador Raghavan is Chairman of the National Security Advisory Board. He served two terms as Chairman from 2016 to 2020, and was re-appointed Chairman in July 2022. In a 36-year diplomatic career, he has served in different capacities in USSR, Poland, United Kingdom, Vietnam and South Africa. He was India’s Ambassador to Russia, Ireland and the Czech Republic.

From 2000 to 2004, he was Joint Secretary in the Prime Minister’s Office, dealing with Foreign Affairs, Defence, National Security, Space and Atomic Energy. In the Ministry of External Affairs, he founded and headed the Development Partnership Administration, which implements India’s projects abroad. He was also Secretary (Economic Relations), steering India’s external economic engagement, and Secretary overseeing Administration and e-governance.

Among his other assignments were as Political Adviser to the Indian Peace-Keeping Force (IPKF) in Sri Lanka (1987-88), Chief Coordinator of the BRICS Summit (2012) and Special Envoy of the Government of India to the Sudan and South Sudan (2012-13). He is a Distinguished Fellow at the Vivekananda International Foundation, New Delhi and Emeritus Resource Faculty at the Rashtriya Raksha University, Gandhinagar.

Prakash Menon

Director, Strategic Studies Programme, Takshashila Institution

Lt General Prakash Menon has had extensive operational experience and has served as a company commander on the Siachen glacier and the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmir and Kargil. He has commanded a Battalion, Brigade and a Counter Insurgency Force in Central, North and South Kashmir. He was head of operations for the Army’s Northern Command responsible for the border in J&K and Ladakh. He was the Commandant of the NDC and Military Adviser and Secretary to Government of India in the National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS).

He has been awarded a PhD from the Madras University and has several published works to his credit and is the author of ‘The Strategy Trap: India and Pakistan Under the Nuclear Shadow’, 2018 and also one of the co-authors of ‘NonAlignment 2.0’. and a recent document ‘India’s Path to Power: Strategy in a World Adrift’. He has recently co-edited, ‘The Sheathed Sword: From Nuclear Brink To No First Use’. He writes a weekly for The Print.

Presently, he is the Director Strategic Studies Programme and Professorial Fellow, Takshashila Institution, Bangalore, Professor Emeritus, Trans Disciplinary University (TDU), Bangalore and an Adjunct Professor at the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) Bangalore.

Latha Reddy

Co-Chair, Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace

Latha Reddy is the former Deputy National Security Adviser of India where she was responsible for cybersecurity and other critical internal and external security issues. She also served as a Commissioner on the Global Commission on Internet Governance.

Ms. Reddy served in the Indian Foreign Service from 1975-2011. She was then appointed as India’s Deputy National Security Advisor in the Prime Minister’s Office from 2011-2013. She is involved with several organizations and think-tanks, both globally and in India. She is currently, among other positions, a Distinguished Fellow of  the Observer Research Foundation and also serves on the Adjunct Faculty of the Takshashila Institution.